Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Summary of differences and similarities of civil religion and remembrance culture in Germany and Japan

From: A comparison of civil religion and remembrance culture in Germany and Japan

Factors shaping civil religion and remembrance culture Germany Japan
Structure (socioolocical factors) 1 Embededdness of totalitarian ideologies in traditional culture superfluous embedded
2 Collective experience Holocaust/guilt Nuclear bombings
3 Origins of post-war order endogenous exogenous
4 International environment European integration Communist threat
Agency (political factors) 5 Impact of protest movement High impact (68er generation) No impact
6 Regime change Social-liberal coalition LDP one-party dominant rule
7 Control of education Holocaust included into curriculum Control of textbooks, esp. with regard to war crimes
  1. Source: Own compilation