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Table 8 Social science theories

From: Western and/or universal social sciences?

Enlightening (Open, optimistic) Obscuring (closed, pessimistic)
Self-reflexive non-reflexive
Wide narrow
Coherent speculative
Critical dogmatic
Process-oriented pragmatist
Interdisciplinary sub−/disciplinary
Non-hegemonic hegemonic
Non-hierarchic hierarchic/authoritarian
Non-personal personal
Non-formalistic formalistic
Multi-methodological single methodological
particularistic
Ivory-tower
self-immunizing
traditional
opportunistic